Q: What Every Elevator Owner Needs to Know?
A: Under Chapter 399, Florida Statutes, known as the Florida Elevator Safety Act, the owner/operator is responsible for ensuring the elevator meets all safety requirements on an annual basis. It is the owner’s direct responsibility to schedule an annual safety inspection to ensure the safe operation of their elevators before obtaining a Certificate of Operation.
Q: What are the main definitions that should I know?
A: These are the main elevator definitions:
Alteration: any change or addition to the vertical conveyance other than maintenance, repair, or replacement.
Certificate of operation: a document issued by the department which indicates that the conveyance has had the required safety inspection and tests and that fees have been paid as provided in this chapter.
Conveyance: an elevator, dumbwaiter, escalator, moving sidewalk, platform lift, or stairway chairlift.
Elevator: one of the following mechanical devices:
- A hoisting and lowering mechanism, equipped with a car and platform that moves in guide rails and serves two or more landings to transport material or passengers or both.
- An escalator, which is a power-driven, inclined continuous stairway used for raising or lowering passengers.
- A dumbwaiter, which is a hoisting and lowering mechanism equipped with a car of limited size which moves in guide rails and serves two or more landings.
- A moving walk, which is a type of passenger-carrying device on which passengers stand or walk and in which the passenger-carrying surface remains parallel to its direction of motion and is uninterrupted.
- An inclined stairway chairlift, which is a device used to transport physically handicapped persons over architectural barriers.
- An inclined or vertical wheelchair lift, which is a device used to transport wheelchair handicapped persons over architectural barriers.
Service maintenance contract: a contract that provides for routine examination, lubrication, cleaning, adjustment, replacement of parts, and performance of applicable code-required safety tests such as on a traction elevator and annual relief pressure test on a hydraulic elevator and any other service, repair, and maintenance sufficient to ensure the safe operation of the elevator. A service maintenance contract shall be made available upon request of the department for purposes of oversight and monitoring.
Temporary operation inspection: an inspection performed by a certified elevator inspector, the successful passage of which permits the temporary use of a noncompliant vertical conveyance as provided by rule.
Registered elevator company: an entity registered with and authorized by the division employing persons to construct, install, inspect, maintain, or repair any vertical conveyance. Each registered elevator company must annually register with the division and maintain general liability insurance coverage in the minimum amounts set by rule.
Certified elevator inspector: a natural person registered with and authorized by the division to construct, install, inspect, maintain, or repair any vertical conveyance, after having properly acquired the qualified elevator inspector credential as prescribed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
Certified elevator technician: a natural person authorized by the division to construct, install, maintain, or repair any vertical conveyance, after having been issued an elevator certificate of competency by the division. Each certified elevator technician must annually register with the division and be covered by general liability insurance coverage in the minimum amounts set by the division.
Q: What is the Service Maintenance Contract Requirements in Florida State?
A: The requirements are:
- Routine examinations and periodic safety tests must follow the procedures established by the safety standards adopted in Rule 61C-5.001, F.A.C.
- Routine examinations shall be performed at least annually.
- Routine examinations and periodic safety tests must be performed by a certified elevator technician or certified elevator inspector.
- The registered elevator company must make a written performance record indicating the date or dates of routine examinations and required testing. This performance record must be maintained in the elevator machine room and, available for review by the division or its contractual designees.
- The owner or lessee, when owner responsibilities are specifically assigned by lease, must verify the existence of a valid service maintenance contract on a two-stop elevator or other conveyance in order for the elevator to qualify for the annual inspection exemption under Section 399.061(1), F.S. Annual verification is required to renew the certificate of operation without obtaining a current satisfactory inspection. Verification must be submitted to the division through the owner’s online account located on the department’s website, or by submitting DBPR Form HR 5023-060, Verification of Service Maintenance Contract (https://www.flrules.org/Gateway/reference.asp?No=Ref-02989), adopted herein by reference and effective 2013 July 9, or a written document providing the same information. Copies of this form are available from the Division of Hotels and Restaurants website at www.MyFloridaLicense.com/dbpr/hr; by e-mail to email@example.com; by phone request to the department at (850)487-1395; or upon written request to the Bureau of Elevator Safety, Division of Hotels and Restuarants, Department of Business and Professional Regulation, 1940 North Monroe Street, Tallahassee, Florida 32399-1013.
- The registered elevator company holding a service maintenance contract for a two-stop elevator or other conveyance may, upon the owner’s request, verify the existence of a valid service maintenance contract. Verification must be submitted through the elevator company’s online account located on the department’s website, or by submitting DBPR Form HR 5023-060, Verification of Service Maintenance Contract or a written document providing the same information. The owner or lessee retains responsibility for ensuring the division receives either the annual verification or annual inspection required to renew a certificate of operation.
- The owner or lessee, when owner responsibilities are specifically assigned by lease, of a two-stop elevator or other conveyance not requiring an annual inspection pursuant to Section 399.061(1)(a), F.S., must notify the division within 30 days of cancellation or expiration of the service maintenance contract. Notification must be submitted to the division through the owner’s or lessee’s online account located on the department’s website, or by submitting DBPR Form HR 5023-060, Verification of Service Maintenance Contract or a written document providing the same information. Notification is not required if the service maintenance contract is renewed or a new contract is executed within 30 days of cancellation or expiration and proper annual verification of the new or renewed service maintenance contract is submitted as required for license renewal.
- The owner or lessee, when owner responsibilities are specifically assigned by lease, of a two-stop elevator or other conveyance not requiring an annual inspection pursuant to Section 399.061(1)(a), F.S., must notify the division in writing within 30 days of transfer of ownership of the service maintenance contract.
- The owner or lessee, when owner responsibilities are specifically assigned by lease, must have a maintenance control program in compliance with 18.104.22.168 of ASME A17.1-2007, as adopted by reference in Rule 61C-5.001, F.A.C.
- Written verifications and notifications shall be mailed to the Bureau of Elevator Safety, Division of Hotels and Restaurants, Department of Business and Professional Regulation, 1940 North Monroe Street, Tallahassee, Florida 32399-1013, or e-mailed to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Q: What are the Elevator accessibility requirements for the physically handicapped?
A: Each elevator, the installation of which is begun after October 1, 1990, must be made accessible to physically handicapped persons with the following requirements:
- In a building having any elevators that do not provide access to every floor level, elevator hallway call buttons on all main levels of ingress and on any floor that is commonly served by more than one group of elevators must be marked with Arabic and braille symbols that indicate floor levels to which access is provided. The symbols must be placed directly above each call button.
- Each elevator car interior must have a support rail on at least one wall. All support rails must be smooth and have no sharp edges and must not be more than 11/2 inches thick or 21/2 inches in diameter. Support rails must be continuous and a minimum length of 42 inches overall. The inside surface of support rails must be 11/2 inches clear of the car wall. The distance from the top of the support rail to the finished car floor must be at least 31 inches and not more than 33 inches. Padded or tufted material or decorative materials such as wallpaper, vinyl, cloth, or the like may not be used on support rails.
- Each elevator covered by this section must be available to be used at any time to assist the physically handicapped in an emergency evacuation. The requirements of the latest revision of s. 2.27 of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Standard ASME A17.1 must be complied with to meet the requirements of this paragraph.
- Interior surface of car enclosures must be of fire-resistive material, and walls must be surfaced with nonabrasive material. All materials exposed to the car interior must conform to the standards of the Elevator Safety Code.
- A bench or seat may be installed on the rear wall of the elevator car enclosure, if the bench or seat does not protrude beyond the vertical plane of the elevator car enclosure wall when folded into a recess provided for the bench or seat and, when not in use, the bench or seat automatically folds into the recess. The bench or seat must be capable of supporting a live load of at least 250 pounds on any 12-inch by 12-inch area. A padded, tufted, or other decorative material may not be used to cover the bench or seat; nor may the bench or seat encroach on the minimum clear-inside-car dimensions specified in this section.
- Any building that is more than three stories high or in which the vertical distance between the bottom terminal landing and the top terminal landing exceeds 25 feet must be constructed to contain at least one passenger elevator that is operational and will accommodate an ambulance stretcher 76 inches long and 24 inches wide in the horizontal position.
- This section applies only to elevators available for the transportation of the public. This section does not apply to elevators restricted by key or similar device to a limited number of persons in a building that has an elevator that otherwise meets the requirements of this section or to elevators used only for the transportation of freight. However, elevators that are used as freight and passenger elevators for the public and employees must comply with this section. This section does not apply to dumbwaiters or escalators.
- This section supersedes all other state laws and regulations and local ordinances and rules affecting the accessibility of passenger elevators to the physically handicapped, and the standards established by this section may not be modified by municipal or county ordinance.
Q: What is required for Elevator Inspector Qualification?
A: Inspectors and inspection supervisors are required by ASME A17.1d-2000 and earlier editions and A 17.1-2000/ B44-00 and later editions, requirements 22.214.171.124(c) and 126.96.36.199 to be certified by an organization accredited by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers Qualifications for Elevator Inspectors Committee in accordance with the requirements set forth in the Standard for the Qualification of Elevator Inspectors, ASME QEI-1 and be recognized by the authority having jurisdiction.
Q: What are the Inspector’s Duties?
A: The duties of inspectors are:
- When witnessing acceptance inspections and tests of new or altered installations, to determine whether all parts of the installation conform to the requirements of the applicable code or regulations and whether the required safety devices function as required.
- When making routine and/ or periodic inspections and tests, to determine that the equipment conforms to the applicable Code edition (edition which it was installed, A17.3 and local requirements) and that alterations conform with code requirements. Determine that periodic tests performed by the owner or his agent are conducted in accordance with Code requirements and results of these tests demonstrate Code compliance.
- To report the results of inspections and tests in accordance with applicable local regulations. It is not the function or duty of inspectors to make any repairs or adjustments to the equipment, nor to recommend methods or procedures for correction of deficiencies.
- Code Data Plate.
- Ventilation in Machine Room not working.
- Emergency Light & Bell not working.
- Fire Extinguisher expired.
- Door Zone Restrictor missing.
- Phone not working.
- In Case of Fire signs missing on floors.
- Lighting in Machine Room, Pit and Cab.
- Emergency Evacuation Procedure.
- Poor Housekeeping.
- Key to Machine Room not on site.
Elevators Codes, Regulations and Specifications
- Florida Elevator Safety Code
Safety Standards, Electrolysis Protection, Bulletin Boards, Emergency Stop Switches, Elevator Fees, Permits, Certificates of Operation, Delinquency Fee, Transfer of Ownership, Certificate Replacement, Certificates of Competency and License Registrations, Initial, Renewal, General Liability Insurance Coverage.
- Regulation for City of Miami Beach
Elevator Regulation & Requirements for City of Miami Beach
- Regulation for Miami-Dade
Elevator Safety & Regulation for Miami-Dade County.
- Florida Building Code
Florida Building, Residential, Existing Building, Plumbing, Fuel Gas, Mechanical, and Test Protocols.
- American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
- National Association of Elevator Contractors (NAEC)
- National Association of Elevator Safety Authorities (NAESA)
- Florida Department of Business & Professional Regulation (DBPR)
- Elevator Escalator Safety Foundation (EESF)
- Elevator World International Trade Magazine